What Does Constipation Mean: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Constipation is a common digestive issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s defined as the condition of having fewer than three bowel movements per week, with hard and lumpy stools that are difficult to pass. Although it’s not usually a serious medical condition, constipation can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as bloating, abdominal pain, and nausea. In some cases, it may even lead to complications such as hemorrhoids or fecal impaction. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for constipation is essential for managing this condition effectively. In this blog post, we’ll explore what constipation means and delve into its various aspects to give you a comprehensive understanding of this common ailment.

What is Constipation?

What is Constipation?

Constipation refers to a common digestive issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It can be defined as having fewer than three bowel movements per week or experiencing difficulty passing stool. When stool remains in the colon for an extended period, it can become hard and dry, making it harder to pass.

So, what does constipation mean? Simply put, it means that your digestive system is not functioning correctly, and waste products are not being eliminated from your body as they should. This can result in discomfort, pain, and other unpleasant symptoms.

There are many causes of constipation, including a lack of fiber in the diet, inadequate water intake, sedentary lifestyle, certain medications, and medical conditions like hypothyroidism and diabetes. It’s essential to identify the underlying cause of constipation to develop an effective treatment plan.

In some cases, simple lifestyle changes such as increasing fiber and water intake, regular exercise, and reducing stress levels can help alleviate constipation. However, more severe cases may require medical intervention, such as prescription laxatives or enemas.

Overall, while constipation is a common problem, it is treatable. Understanding the symptoms and causes of constipation is essential to finding the right treatment and improving your overall digestive health.

Causes of Constipation

Lifestyle Factors

Lifestyle Factors

Constipation is a common digestive issue that can be caused by various lifestyle factors. These factors include diet, exercise, and sedentary behavior.

Diet and Constipation

One of the most common lifestyle factors that cause constipation is diet. A diet low in fiber and high in processed foods can slow down digestion, making it harder for waste to move through the digestive tract. This can lead to constipation.

To prevent constipation, it’s important to consume a diet rich in fiber. Fiber helps to add bulk to stool and stimulates bowel movements. Foods that are high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day can also help to keep stools soft and easy to pass.

Sedentary Lifestyle and Constipation

Another lifestyle factor that contributes to constipation is a sedentary lifestyle. Sitting for long periods of time can slow down digestion and make it more difficult for waste to move through the intestines. This is why people who sit for long periods of time, such as office workers, are more prone to constipation.

To combat the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, it’s important to get regular exercise. Exercise helps to stimulate digestion and promote bowel movements. Even simple activities like taking a walk or doing some light stretching can help to prevent constipation.

In conclusion, constipation is a common digestive issue that can be caused by various lifestyle factors, including diet and a sedentary lifestyle. By making simple changes to your diet and exercise routine, you can prevent constipation and promote healthy digestion.

Medical Conditions

Medical Conditions Causing Constipation

Constipation is a common digestive issue that can be caused by various factors, including medical conditions. Here are some of the medical conditions that can contribute to constipation:

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) – IBS is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. It can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation or diarrhea. Constipation is more commonly associated with the subtype of IBS known as IBS-C.

  • Hypothyroidism – Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, can slow down the body’s metabolism and lead to constipation. This occurs because the thyroid hormone plays a role in regulating the digestive system and keeping it running smoothly.

  • Diabetes – Diabetes can damage the nerves that control the digestive system, leading to constipation. High blood sugar levels can also cause dehydration, which can make stools harder and more difficult to pass.

  • Cancer – Certain types of cancer, such as colon cancer or ovarian cancer, can cause constipation as a symptom. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy can also lead to constipation.

If you have any of these medical conditions and are experiencing constipation, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider. They can help determine the underlying cause of your constipation and provide appropriate treatment options. Additionally, managing the underlying medical condition may also help alleviate constipation symptoms.

Symptoms of Constipation

Symptoms of Constipation

Constipation is a common digestive issue that can cause discomfort and even pain. Understanding the symptoms of constipation is important for early diagnosis and treatment to relieve the discomfort.

Common constipation symptoms include:

  • Infrequent bowel movements: This is when you have less than three bowel movements in a week.
  • Difficulty passing stools: When stools are hard, lumpy or dry, it may be painful or difficult to pass them.
  • Incomplete bowel movements: This is when you feel like you haven’t completely emptied your bowels even after passing stools.
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort: Constipation can cause cramping or bloating in the abdominal area.
  • Nausea and loss of appetite: When constipated, you may feel nauseous or lose your appetite.
  • Rectal bleeding: Straining to pass hard stools may cause tears in the anus and result in rectal bleeding.

It’s important to note that not everyone with constipation will experience all of these symptoms. Some people may only experience one or two while others may experience a combination of several.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to speak to your doctor to determine the underlying cause of your constipation and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment for Constipation

Dietary Changes

Dietary Changes

Dietary changes are often the first line of defense against constipation. By modifying your diet, you can increase your fiber intake and help regulate your bowel movements. Here are some dietary changes that can relieve constipation:

Increase Fiber Intake

Fiber is an essential nutrient that helps promote regularity. It adds bulk to your stool, which makes it easier to pass through your digestive system. A low-fiber diet can lead to constipation, so increasing your fiber intake is a must.

There are two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and forms a gel-like substance that slows down digestion. Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water and adds bulk to your stool.

Good sources of soluble fiber include oatmeal, apples, pears, bananas, and legumes. Good sources of insoluble fiber include whole wheat bread, brown rice, nuts, and vegetables.

It’s important to increase your fiber intake gradually to avoid gas, bloating, and cramping. You should aim for at least 25 grams of fiber per day.

Drink More Water

Water is essential for healthy digestion. It helps soften your stool and move it through your intestines. If you’re dehydrated, your stool can become hard and difficult to pass, leading to constipation.

You should aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day. You can also try drinking warm liquids like tea or soup to help stimulate your digestive system.


Dietary changes are an effective way to relieve constipation. By increasing your fiber intake and drinking more water, you can promote healthy digestion and regularity. Remember to make these changes gradually and consult with a healthcare professional if you experience persistent constipation.



Laxatives are a type of medication that help relieve constipation and promote bowel movements. They work by either softening the stool or stimulating the colon to contract and move waste through the digestive tract.

Types of Laxatives

There are several types of laxatives available, each with its own mechanism of action. Some of the most common types include:

  • Bulk-forming laxatives: These are natural or synthetic fibers that absorb water and form bulk in the intestines, making it easier for stool to pass through. Examples include psyllium, methylcellulose, and polycarbophil.
  • Stool softeners: These are emollients that help moisten and lubricate the stool, allowing it to pass through the intestines more easily. Docusate sodium is a commonly used stool softener.
  • Osmotic laxatives: These work by drawing water into the intestines, which helps soften the stool and stimulate bowel movements. Examples include magnesium hydroxide, lactulose, and polyethylene glycol.
  • Stimulant laxatives: These work by stimulating the muscles of the intestines to contract and move waste through the digestive tract. Examples include senna, bisacodyl, and castor oil.
  • Saline laxatives: These contain magnesium and/or sodium salts that draw water into the intestines, which helps soften the stool and promote bowel movements. Milk of magnesia is a commonly used saline laxative.

Over-the-Counter Laxatives

Most laxatives are available over-the-counter (OTC) without a prescription. OTC laxatives are generally safe when used as directed, but they can cause side effects such as cramping, bloating, and diarrhea if taken in excess.

Bulk-forming laxatives are often recommended as a first-line treatment for constipation, as they are gentle and well-tolerated by most people. Stool softeners and osmotic laxatives may also be helpful, especially for those with hard, dry stools.

Stimulant laxatives and saline laxatives are generally reserved for severe cases of constipation or when other treatments have failed. They can be harsh on the body and may cause cramping and diarrhea, so it’s important to use them only as directed.

Prescription Laxatives

In some cases, prescription-strength laxatives may be necessary to relieve chronic or severe constipation. These are typically reserved for patients with underlying medical conditions that affect bowel function, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), multiple sclerosis, or spinal cord injuries.

Prescription laxatives include drugs such as lubiprostone, linaclotide, and tegaserod. These medications work by targeting specific receptors in the intestines, which helps promote bowel movements.

It’s important to note that prescription laxatives may have more side effects than OTC laxatives, and they should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

In conclusion, laxatives can be an effective way to relieve constipation and promote bowel movements. However, it’s important to choose the right type of laxative based on your symptoms and medical history, and to use them only as directed. If you’re unsure which type of laxative is best for you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.

Other Treatments

Other Treatments

While dietary changes and laxatives are the most common methods for treating constipation, there are other options available. In this section, we’ll take a closer look at three alternative treatments: enemas, colon cleansing, and biofeedback therapy.


An enema is a process in which liquid is injected into the rectum to help clear out fecal matter. This liquid can be made up of various substances, including saline solution, mineral oil, or soapsuds.

Enemas can be self-administered at home using over-the-counter kits, or they can be performed by a medical professional. They can provide quick relief for constipation, but they should not be used too frequently as they can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the gut.

Colon Cleansing

Colon cleansing is a more invasive treatment for constipation that involves flushing the colon with water or other fluids. This is typically done using a colonic irrigation system, which pumps water into the rectum and colon and then flushes it out again.

While some people believe that colon cleansing can improve digestive health and relieve constipation, there is little scientific evidence to support these claims. In fact, colon cleansing may actually be harmful, as it can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and perforation of the colon.

Biofeedback Therapy

Biofeedback therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses electronic sensors to monitor muscle activity in the pelvic floor. Patients are taught to control these muscles and improve their bowel habits through relaxation techniques and visualization exercises.

Biofeedback therapy has been found to be an effective treatment for chronic constipation, particularly in patients who have not responded well to other therapies. It is also a safe and relatively painless procedure that can be done in a doctor’s office or at home using a portable biofeedback device.

Overall, while these alternative treatments may offer relief for some constipation sufferers, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider before trying them. It’s also important to remember that lifestyle changes, such as increasing fiber intake and staying hydrated, are still the best way to prevent and treat constipation in most cases.

When to See a Doctor for Constipation

If you’ve been experiencing constipation for several days or longer, it may be time to see a doctor. While occasional constipation is common and usually nothing to worry about, persistent or severe constipation can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. Here are some red flags to look out for and when to seek medical attention:

  • You’ve been constipated for more than a week: If you’ve tried home remedies like increasing your fiber intake and drinking more water, and you’re still constipated after a week, it’s time to see a doctor. Chronic constipation can lead to hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and even rectal prolapse.
  • You have severe abdominal pain: Constipation can cause discomfort and cramping, but if your pain is severe and accompanied by bloating and nausea, it’s important to get evaluated. Severe pain can be a sign of a bowel obstruction or other serious condition.
  • You’re losing weight without trying: If you’re experiencing unexplained weight loss in addition to constipation, it’s important to see a doctor. Weight loss can be a sign of colon cancer or other digestive disorders.
  • You have blood in your stool: If you notice blood in your stool or on the toilet paper after wiping, it’s important to get evaluated. Although bleeding can be caused by something as harmless as hemorrhoids, it can also be a sign of colorectal cancer.
  • You’re experiencing bowel incontinence: If you’re having trouble controlling your bowel movements in addition to constipation, it’s important to see a doctor. Bowel incontinence can be a sign of nerve damage or other conditions.

Remember, everyone’s bowel habits are different, so what’s normal for one person may not be normal for another. However, if you’re experiencing any of these red flags or have persistent constipation that isn’t relieved with home remedies, it’s important to see a doctor. Your doctor may recommend tests like a colonoscopy or stool analysis to rule out any underlying conditions and provide proper treatment.
After understanding what constipation really means, its causes and symptoms, and the various treatment options available, it is clear that this common digestive issue can be both uncomfortable and frustrating. It is important to take preventive measures such as adopting a healthy lifestyle and diet, staying hydrated, and seeking medical attention when necessary.

In conclusion, constipation is not only a nuisance but also a sign of an underlying medical condition. It is vital to identify the root cause of constipation and treat it effectively to avoid complications. By implementing the tips outlined in this article, you can alleviate the symptoms of constipation and enjoy a comfortable and healthy life. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider if you experience persistent or severe constipation.

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